Buddhism has a long history in the Pakistan region – over time being part of areas within Bactria, the Indo-Greek Kingdom, the Kushan EmpireAncient India with the Maurya Empire of Ashoka, the Punjab region, and Indus River Valley cultures — areas now within the present day nation of Pakistan. Buddhist scholar Kumāralabdha of Taxila was comparable to AryadevaAśvaghoṣa and Nagarjuna. Currently there is a small community of at least 1,500 Pakistani Buddhist in the country.

Buddhism in antiquity

The region and nation, today known as Pakistan, once had a large Buddhist population and many religious structures in antiquity.



The majority of people in Gandhara, present day Southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, were Buddhist. Gandhara was largely Mahayana Buddhist, but also a stronghold ofVajrayana Buddhism. The Swat Valley, known in antiquity as Uddiyana, was a kingdom tributary to Gandhara. There are many archaeological sites from the Buddhist era in Swat.

Budha Sites Takht Bhai Mardan Pakistan


The Buddhist sage Padmasambhava is said to have been born in a village near the present day town of Chakdara in Lower Dir District, which was then a part of Oddiyana. Padmasambhava is known as Guru Rinpoche in Tibetan and it is he who introduced Vajrayana Buddhism in Tibet.

Budha Carvings in Pakistan

Punjab region

Buddhism was practiced in the Punjab region, with many Buddhist monastery and stupa sites in the Taxila World Heritage Site locale. It was also practiced in the Sindh regions.


In the early centuries of Christian era, there flowered in North-western region of Pakistan, remarkable and unique Buddhist civilization in all its glory and splendor. It is now known the world over as “Gandhara Civilization”. originally, however, the name stood for a country, ancient kingdom located in this part of Pakistan, like Skrdu Gilgit Karakoram Highway (KKH) Buner, Bajaur,Taxila, Mingora Swat, But the art for which it is so famous extended far beyond its geographical borders.
This was evidently no isolated culture, but formed part of one and the same Buddhist civilization; its art was distinguished everywhere by the same general characteristic, with only minor local variations.

We have paid equal importance to the Buddhist sites in Pakistan and extend our services to the visiting Buddhist community from A-Z.

For further information please call us or send us an email (info@sfstravels.com or sales@sfstravels.com) mentioning number of Guests, places to be visited, dates of travel so that our team would get back to you with complete information.

SFS Team is at your service from Monday to Saturday 10:00 AM to 07:00 PM (PST GMT+5).